Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science
Breeds of Livestock - West African Dwarf Sheep
West African Dwarf
Also Know By: Cameroons Dwarf, Djallonké, Forest-type, Fouta Djallon, Futa Jallon, Guinean, Kirdi, Kirdimi, Lakka, Nigerian Dwarf, Pagan, Savannah-type, Southern, West African Maned
The West African Dwarf is the predominant breed of the humid tropics from southern west Africa through central Africa. Their color is generally black piebald on white. Tan piebald on white, predominately colored (tan or black) and the blackbelly pattern are also found. Adult males weight approximately 37 kg. They have a well-developed throat ruff and are horned. Ewes have mature weights of 25 kg. The females are usually polled. They can be bred at the age of 7 to 8 months. They tend to have a short lambing interval. The prolificacy of adult ewes is low to moderate ranging from 1.15 to 1.50 lambs per lambing. At less than 100 g per day under good feed conditions, their growth rate is low and lamb mortality is high. This breed is also trypanotolerant.
Reference:Mason, I.L. World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds. Third Edition. C.A.B International. 1988
Thomas, D.L., Hair Sheep Genetic Resource of the Americas, Proceedings Hair Sheep Research Symposium (ed. Stephan Wildeus). 1991. University of the Virgin Islands.
Hair Sheep of Western Africa and the Americas: A Genetic Resource for the Tropics. (H.A. Fitzhugh and G.E. Bradford, eds.), A Winrock International Study, 1983.