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Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science

Poultry Breeds - Sussex Chickens

Poultry Breeds - Sussex Chickens

Sussex

Origin: The Sussex originated in the county of Sussex, England where they were prized as a table fowl more than 100 years ago. They continue to be a popular fowl in Great Britain and the light variety has figured prominently in the development of many of their commercial strains. Sussex is one of the oldest breeds that is still with us today in fair numbers. The Sussex arrive in the United States around 1912 then a couple of years later the APA recognized the Sussex in 1914 and again in 1929 for the Speckled, Red, and Light varieties. The British recognize varieties different to the APA.

Characteristics: The Sussex are alert, attractive and good foragers. They have rectangular bodies; the speckled variety is especially attractive with its multi-colored plumage. The hens go broody and make good mothers. The Sussex are considered stout and easy to handle. They combine both exhibition and utility virtues but are more popular in Canada, England and other parts of the world than in the United States. The Sussex has close fitted feathers, single red comb, red wattles and red earlobes. The shanks are considered white.

Standard Weights: Cock-9 pounds; hen-7 pounds; cockerel-7-1/2 pounds; pullet-6 pounds.

    Varieties:
    • Speckled
    • Red
    • Light
    • Brown
    • Silver
    • Buff

Skin Color: White

Egg Shell Color: Brown

Use: A general purpose breed for producing meat and/or eggs. One of the best of the dual purpose chickens, a good all-around farm fowl.


Reference:

Chicken Breeds and Varieties (A2880), John L. Skinner, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Ekarius, Carol. "Chickens: Sussex." Pocketful of Poultry: Chickens, Ducks, Geese, Turkeys. North Adams, MA: Storey Pub., 2007. 164-65. Print.

Lewis, Celia. "Breed Profiles: Sussex." The Illustrated Guide to Chickens: How to Choose Them, How to Keep Them. New York: Skyhorse Pub., 2011. 163-64. Print.

Roberts, Victoria. British Poultry Standards (6th Edition). Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 8 July 2015.

"Sussex Chicken." The Livestock Conservancy. The Livestock Conservancy, n.d. Web. 08 July 2015.

Photographs:

The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy PO Box 477; Pittsboro, NC 27312

Amanda Howard, thehowards95@gmail.com.


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