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Department of Animal Science - Oklahoma State University

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Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science

Poultry Breeds - New Hampshire Red Chickens

Poultry Breeds - New Hampshire Red Chickens

New Hampshire Red

Origin: The New Hampshire Red is a relatively new breed, having been admitted to the Standard in 1935. They represent a specialized selection out of the Rhode Island Red breed. By intensive selection for rapid growth, fast feathering, early maturity and vigor, a different breed gradually emerged. This took place in the New England states-chiefly in Massachusetts and New Hampshire from which it takes its name.

Characteristics: The New Hampshire Red has a deep, broad body. This bird grows feathers very rapidly and is prone to go broody and make good mothers. Most pin feathers are a reddish buff in color and, therefore, do not detract from the carcass appearance very much. The color is a medium to light red and often fades in the sunshine. The comb is single and medium to large in size; in the females it often lops over a bit. These good, medium sized meat chickens have fair egg laying ability. Some strains lay eggs of a dark brown shell color. New Hampshires are competitive and aggressive. They were initially used in the Chicken of Tomorrow contests, which led the way for the modern broiler industry.

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Standard Weights: Cock: 8 ½  lbs; Hen: 6 ½  lbs; Cockerel: 7 ½  lbs; Pullet: 5 ½  lbs

Skin Color: Yellow

Egg Shell Color: Brown

Use: A dual purpose chicken, selected more for meat production than egg production. Medium heavy in weight, it dresses a nice, plump carcass as either a broiler or a roaster.

 

Reference:

 

    Chicken Breeds and Varieties (A2880), John L. Skinner, University of Wisconsin-Madison

    "Chickens." The Poultry Club of Great Britain. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 July 2015.

    Ekarius, Carol. "Chickens: New Hampshire." Pocketful of Poultry: Chickens, Ducks, Geese, Turkeys. North Adams, MA: Storey Pub., 2007. 116-17. Print.

    Lewis, Celia. "Breed Profiles: New Hampshire Red." The Illustrated Guide to Chickens: How to Choose Them, How to Keep Them. New York: Skyhorse Pub., 2011. 121. Print.

    "New Hampshire Red." The Livestock Conservancy. The Livestock Conservancy, n.d. Web. 01 July 2015.

Images:

Dr. Joe Berry, Department of Animal Science, Oklahoma State University


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