An attempt was made to develop a breed of chickens which could be as a well - developed foundation stock in order to be utilized in the process of establishing a hybrid for egg production (Matrouh) is the name given to this breed which has been developed in Borg El-Arab Poultry Research Farm Matrouh, from a cross between the White Leghorn and Dokki 4, using systems of breeding coupled with selection. The new breed - which is auto-sexed - resembles the White Leghorn in body shape and the Barred Plymouth Rock in plumage color. This breed has a single comb and white ear lobs .
Matrouh was found to be superior to Dokki 4 with respect to average annual egg production and average egg weight . This breed of chickens could be more adapted to the unfavorable condition imposed in Egyptian farms.