The name Pandharpuri is from the town Pandharpur in Solapur district which is the home range of these buffalo. They are found in Solapur, Kolhapur and Sangli districts of Maharashtra state of India.
Most of the region is highly draught prone, but some parts of the Sangli and Kolhapur districts do have good irrigation facilities.
The breed can be easily identified by its long, sword shaped, sometimes twisted horns, which measure from 45-50 cm upto 1-1.5 m of length.
The majority of the breed are black with white markings found on the forehead , legs and switch of tail. The Pandharpuri are medium sized with average body weight of 450-470 kg.
The long horns usually turned upwards or lateral. The udder is compact, trough shaped with cylindrical teats. The head is long, narrow with prominent nasal bone and the horizontal ears.
The breed is famous for its high reproductive ability, producing a calf every 12 months. Under average management conditions and hot -dry climate these buffaloes yield 6-7 liters of milk per day; however under good management they are reported to yield up to 15 lit of milk per day.
Ambardekar D. V., 2000. Studies on body measurement and qualitative traits in Pandharpuri buffaloes. M. Sc.(Agri.) Thesis submitted to Mahatma Phule Agricultural University, Rahuri, M. S., India