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Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science

Breeds of Livestock - N'dama Cattle

Breeds of Livestock - N'dama Cattle

N'dama

ndama1web.jpgOther Names: Boenca or Boyenca (Guinea-Bissau), Fouta Jallon, Fouta Longhorn, Fouta Malinke, Futa, Malinke, Mandingo (Liberia), N'Dama Petite (Senegal). Incorrect names that are sometimes used: Dama and Ndama.

The N'Dama breed is the most representative "Bos Taurus" breed in West Africa. The origin of this breed is located in the Fouta-Djallon highlands of Guinea (Conakry). From there the N'Dama has spread in the sudanian and guinean regions.

Being trypanotolerant.gif , it has been used for large scale dissemination for grazing savannah in Congo, Central Africa, Gabon, Nigeria and Zaire, especially in the regions infested by the tse-tse fly.

ndamamap.gif

Source: Trypanotolemi cattle and livestock development in West and Central Africa (Vol-1) FAO; Rome 1987
The N'Dama is a hardy breed, medium size type (100 cm at shoulder height for cows; 120 cm for bulls) with a large and strong head and with lyre-shaped horns.

ndama3web.jpgIts skin,with short and thin hair, is fawn colored but varies from sand to black color, sometimes spotted.

Cows produce only 2 to 3 liters milk per day during 7 to 8 months. The N'Dama breed is used for meat and the ratio carcass/liveweight is around 50%. The meat has a very good flavor without much fat.

Average liveweight for a mature steer varies between 250 to 300 kg.

In West Africa, to date there are approximately 7 million head of N'Dama.

For the last 65 years, this breed has been developed in Zaire, where large scale herds have been improved by permanent selection practices by a private company named "Compagnie J. VAN LANCKEIC' which owns over 40,000 head of purebred N'Dama.

This company has managed to increase, by selection, the average liveweight by 30 to 50kg without reducing the breed hardiness. This company is collaborating with the I.L.R.I. (International Livestock Research Institute) for an improved genetical analysis and selection of this breed.

           The Trypanotolerant Cattle Populations 1983 - 85

                      Total     N'dama        SWAS      DWAS       Crosses
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1.Senegal         1,053,000      644,000                           409,000
2.Gambia            299,000      290,000                             9,000
3.Guinea Bissau     300,000      300,000                        
4.Guinea            2,307,000         2,192,000                           115,000
5.Sierra Leone      333,200      333,200
6.Liberia            12,600        7,100                 5,500  
7.Mali                    1,092,000      409,000                           683,000
8.Burkina Faso    1,000,000         -        490,000               510,000
9.Cote d'Ivoire     672,000      138,000     350,000     1,000     183,000
10.Ghana            994,000       30,200     839,300       100     124,400
11.Togo             242,000        5,000     158,000     2,500      76,500
12.Benin            760,000          500      58,000    37,500     664,000
13.Nigeria          200,000       26,000      53,000    26,000      95,000
14.Cameroon          11,000        1,700       8,300     1,000
15.Central Africa     7,400          600       6,700                   100
16.Gabon             17,400       16,000         500       500         400
17.Congo             65,000       54,400                10,600
18.Zaire            451,100      415,000                15,000      21,100
19.Equatorial           100                      100
   Guinea

1983/85 Totals    9,816,800    4,862,700   1,963,900    99,700   2,890,500
        %               100           50          20         1          29
1975/77 Totals    7,634,800    3,422,900   1,673,000    97,900   2,441,000
        %                             45          22         1          32
Implied compound
        growth rate %   3.2          4.5        2.0        0.2         2.1
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Source: Trypanotolemi cattle and livestock development in West and Central Africa (Vol-1) FAO; Rome 1987

ndama2web.jpgReference:

Correspondence from Campagnie J. Van Lancker, Rue Des Drapiers 31, 1050 Brussels, Belgium, Email: jvl@euronet.be

Mason, I.L. World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds. Third Edition. C.A.B International. 1988

Photographs:
Campagnie J. Van Lancker, Rue Des Drapiers 31, 1050 Brussels, Belgium

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added 1995, updated Friday, March 10, 2000

 

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Project initiated April, 1994 - Initial web site opened February 22, 1995

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