Cattle Goats Horses Sheep Swine poultry Other Species World Region
You are here: Home / Cattle / damascus / Breeds of Livestock - Damascus Cattle

Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science

Breeds of Livestock - Damascus Cattle

Breeds of Livestock - Damascus Cattle

Damascus

    damascus-web-1.jpgAlso Known By: Aleppo, Damascene, Halabi, Kilis (Turkey), Shami, Shamia

    The Damascus is thought to be of Anatolian origin from the Hittite period. They are considered to be the best dairy breed in the Middle East. Others even consider it the best non-European dairy breed. The average milk yield is 2,000 to 4,500 kg with 4% fat with exceptional individuals having production levels as high as 7,250 kg.

    The breed is raised with meticulous care, given supplemental feeds and house inside during the rainy season and at night - all of which are unusual practices for the region.

    Damascus are usually dark red to brown or nearly black with occasional tan individuals. They are the largest of the Middle Eastern breeds with cows weighing 340 to 500 kg and bulls weighing 700 to 750 kg.

    Total population of the breed is estimated at 10,000 and is endanger of extinction.  In field work with the breed, the Department of Animal Science at the University of Cukurova (Adana, Turkey) found them to be well adapted to high temperature and humidity and resistant to malaria.  They also found the Damascus to have a comparable milk yield in semi-intensive production.

Reference:
Genus Bos: Cattle Breeds of the World, 1985, MSO-AGVET (Merck & Co., Inc.), Rahway, N.J.

Mason, I.L. 1996. A World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds, Types and Varieties. Fourth Edition. C.A.B International. 273 pp.

Dr. Zeynel Cebeci, Department of Animal Science, University of Cukurova, Adana, Turkey

Photographs:
R. E. McDowell, Professor Emeritus of International Animal Science, Cornell University, and provided by Paul O. Brackelsberg, Professor of Animal Science, Iowa State University

logo.gif

[Cattle Breeds || Breeds of Livestock || Animal Science Home Page || Comment ]

Updated June 20, 1997

 

We are currently looking for high resolution pictures of any of the breeds.
Please mail your original copies with our email form

Please provide a description of this breed as well

Project initiated April, 1994 - Initial web site opened February 22, 1995

Copyright © 1995-2015 Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. All rights reserved.