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Department of Animal Science - Oklahoma State University

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Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science

Breeds of Livestock - Cattle Breeds

Breeds of Livestock - Cattle Breeds

 

Cattle: (Bos)

Remains of domesticated cattle dating to 6,500 B.C. have been found in Turkey and other sites in the Near East approach this age also. Some authorities date the domestication of cattle as early as 10,000 years ago, and others almost half that amount of time. Regardless of the time frame it is generally accepted that the domestication of cattle followed sheep, goats, pigs and dogs.

Modern domestic cattle evolved from a single early ancestor, the aurochs. In addition to prehistoric painting that help us identify the appearance of the auroch the species actually survived until relatively modern times. It is believed the last surviving member of the species was killed by a poacher in 1627 on a hunting reserve near Warsaw, Poland. The species may have survived in small number in other parts of the world until a later date but there is no evidence to support this theory.

Early cattle served a triple-purpose. They provided meat, milk and labor to their owners. Eventually their draft purposes were largely replaced by horses and much later by machinery so they were selected more for single or in some cases dual purposes.

 


 

Alphabetic Breed Listings:

A B C-D E-G H-J K-M N-P R S T-Z

 

A

Africander

Albères

Alentejana

American

American White Park

Amerifax

Amrit Mahal

Anatolian Black

Andalusian Black

Andalusian Grey

Angeln

 

Angus

Ankole

Ankole-Watusi

Asturian Mountain

Asturian Valley

Aubrac

Aulie-Ata

Australian Braford

Australian Friesian Sahiwal

Australian Lowline

Australian Milking Zebu

Ayrshire

B

Bachaur

Baladi

Baltata Romaneasca

Barka

Barzona

Bazadais

Beefalo

Beefmaker

Beefmaster

Belarus Red

Belgian Blue

Belgian Red

Belmont Adaptaur

Belmont Red

Belted Galloway

Bengali

Berrendas

Bhagnari

Blacksided Trondheim and Norland

Blanco Orejinegro

Blonde d'Aquitaine

Bonsmara

Boran

Braford

Brahman

Brahmousin

Brangus

Braunvieh

British White

Brown Swiss

Busa

C - D

Cachena

Canadienne

Canary Island

Canchim

Carinthian Blond

Caucasian

Channi

Charbray

Charolais

Chianina

Chinampo

Chinese Black-and-White

Cholistani

Corriente

Costeño con Cuernos

 

Dairy Breeds of North America

Dajal

Damascus

Damietta

Dangi

Danish Jersey

Danish Red

Deoni

Devon

Dexter

Dhanni

Dølafe

Droughtmaster

Dulong

Dutch Belted

Dutch Friesian


E - G

East Anatolian Red

Enderby Island

English Longhorn

Estonian Red

Evolène

Fighting Bull

Fjall

Florida Cracker/Pineywoods

Galician Blond

Galloway

Gaolao

Gascon

Gelbray

Gelbvieh

German Angus

German Red Pied

Gir

Glan

Gloucester

Greek Shorthorn

Groningen Whiteheaded

Guernsey

Guzerat

H - J

Hallikar

Hariana

Hartón

Hays Converter

Hereford

Herens

Highland

Hinterwald

Holstein (Holstein-Friesian)

Holando-Argentino

Horro

Hungarian Grey

Icelandic

Illawarra

Indo-Brazilian

Irish Moiled

Israeli Holstein

Israeli Red

Istoben

Jamaica Black

Jamaica Hope

Jamaica Red

Jaulan

Jersey

K

Kangayam

Kankrej

Karan Fries

Karan Swiss

Kazakh

Kenwariya

Kerry

Kherigarh

Khillari

Kholmogory

Krishna Valley

Kurdi

Kuri

L - M

Latvian Brown

Limousin

Lincoln Red

Lithuanian Red

Lohani

Luing

Maine Anjou

Malvi

Mandalong

Marchigiana

Masai

 

Mashona

Meuse-Rhine-Yssel

Mewati

Milking Devon

Milking Shorthorn

Mirandesa

Mongolian

Morucha

Murboden

Murray Grey

N - P

Nagori

N'dama

Nelore

Nguni

Nimari

Normande

Norwegian Red

Ongole

Orma Boran

Oropa

Parthenais

Philippine Native

Polish Red

Polled Hereford

Ponwar

Piedmontese

Pinzgauer

R

Rätien Gray

Rath

Rathi

Red Angus

Red Brangus

Red Pied Friesian

Red Poll

Red Polled Østland

Red Sindhi

Red Steppe

Reggiana

Retinta

Rojhan

Romagnola

Romosinuano

Russian Black Pied

RX3

S

Sahiwal

Salers

Salorn

Sanhe

Santa Cruz

Santa Gertrudis

San Martinero

Sarabi

Senepol

Sharabi

Shetland

Shorthorn

Siboney

Simbrah

Simmental

Siri

Slovenian Cika

South Devon

Sussex

Swedish Friesian

Swedish Red-and-White

Swedish Red Polled

V

Vestland Fjord

Vestland Red Polled

Vosges

 

T - Z

Tarentaise

Telemark

Texas Longhorn

Texon

Tharparkar

Tswana

Tuli

Ukrainian Beef

Ukrainian Grey

Ukrainian Whitehead

Umblachery

Ural Black Pied

Wagyu

Welsh Black

White Park

Xinjiang Brown

Yanbian

 

 


 

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Project initiated April, 1994 - Initial web site opened February 22, 1995

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